DRUG SPOTLIGHT…LEVETIRACETAM

New Drug Approvals

LEVETIRACETAM, etiracetam

(-)-(S)-α-ethyl-2-oxo-1-pyrrolidine acetamide

(−)-(S)-alpha-ethyl-2-oxo-1-pyrrolidineacetamide

CAS…102767-28-2

(aS)-a-Ethyl-2-oxo-1-pyrrolidineacetamide
Names: 2(S)-(2-oxopyrrolidin-1-yl)butyramide
Manufacturers’ Codes: UCB-L059; SIB-S1
Trademarks: Keppra (UCB)
FDA UNII: 44YRR34555
MF: C8H14N2O2
MW 170.21
Percent Composition: C 56.45%, H 8.29%, N 16.46%, O 18.80%

Crystals from ethyl acetate, mp 117°. [a]25D -90.0° (c = 1 in acetone). Soly (g/100 ml): water 104.0; chloroform 65.3; methanol 53.6; ethanol 16.5; acetonitrile 5.7. Practically insol in n-hexane. LD50 in male mice, male rats (mg/kg): 1081, 1038 i.v. (Gobert, 1990).

Mp: mp 117°C

O’Neil, M.J. (ed.). The Merck Index – An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals. 13th Edition, Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co., Inc., 2001., p. 978
Optical Rotation: [a]25D -90.0° (c = 1 in acetone)
Specific optical rotation: -90 deg at 25 deg C/D (c = 1 in acetone)
Toxicity data: LD50 in male mice, male rats (mg/kg): 1081, 1038 i.v. (Gobert, 1990)
Therap-Cat: Anticonvulsant.
Very…

View original post 7,573 more words

EPROSARTAN MESYLATE

New Drug Approvals

TEVETEN® (eprosartan mesylate) is a non-biphenyl non-tetrazole angiotensin II receptor (AT1) antagonist. A selective non-peptide molecule, TEVETEN® is chemically described as the monomethanesulfonate of (E)-2-butyl-1 -(p-carboxybenzyl)-α-2-thienylmethylimid-azole-5 -acrylic acid.

Its empirical formula is C23H24N2O4S•CH4O3S and molecular weight is 520.625. Its structural formula is:

Teveten (Eprosartan Mesylate) Structural Formula Illustration

EPROSARTAN MESYLATE

tevetenEprosartan mesilate, SK&F-108566-J(?, SK&F-108566, Teveten SB, Navixen, Regulaten, Tevetenz, Teveten

US 5656650 exp Aug 12, 2014

CAS EPROSARTAN

144143-96-4 

133040-01-4 

Chemical Name: Eprosartan mesylate
Synonyms: EPROSARTAN MESYLATE;Eprosartan Methanesulfonate;4-[[2-butyl-5-(2-carboxy-3-thiophen-2-yl-prop-1-enyl)-imidazol-1-yl]methyl]benzoic acid mesylate;4-({2-butyl-5-[(1E)-2-carboxy-2-(thiophen-2-ylMethyl)eth-1-en-1-yl]-1H-iMidazol-1-yl}Methyl)benzoic acid;(E)-α-[[2-Butyl-1-[(4-carboxyphenyl)Methyl]-1H-iMidazol-5-yl]Methylene]-2-thiophenepropanoic Acid Methanesulfonate;(αE)-α-[[2-Butyl-1-[(4-carboxyphenyl)Methyl]-1H-iMidazol-5-yl]Methylene]-2-thiophenepropanoic Acid MonoMethanesulfonate
CBNumber: CB4842192
Molecular Formula: C24H28N2O7S2
Formula Weight: 520.61832

Eprosartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist used for the treatment of high blood pressure. It is marketed as Teveten byAbbott Laboratories in the United States.It is marketed as Eprozar by INTAS Pharmaceuticals in India and by Abbott Laboratorieselsewhere. It is sometimes paired with hydrochlorothiazide, marketed in the US as Teveten HCT and…

View original post 776 more words

FDA Approves Implanted Brain Stimulator for Epilepsy

New Drug Approvals

 

epilepsy

THURSDAY Nov. 14, 2013 — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Thursday gave its approval to a new implanted device that lowers the rate of seizures among people with epilepsy

http://www.drugs.com/news/fda-approves-implanted-brain-stimulator-epilepsy-48978.html

View original post

Pramlintide

New Drug Approvals

Pramlintide (Symlin), a synthetic version of amylin, is a 37-amino acid peptide that is co-secreted with insulin by pancreatic β-cells. It was developed and approved in 2005 by the FDA for use in US patients with type I and II diabetes in conjunction with the administration of prandial insulin to improve postprandial glycemic control

 

Pramlintide

 

Pramlintide (Symlin) is a relatively new adjunct for diabetes (both type 1 and 2), developed by Amylin Pharmaceuticals (now a wholly owned subsidiary of Bristol Myers-Squibb). Pramlintide is delivered as an acetate salt.

 

Pramlintide is an analogue of amylin, a small peptide hormone that is released into the bloodstream by the β-cells of the pancreas along with insulin, after a meal.[1] Like insulin, amylin is completely absent in individuals with Type I diabetes.[2]

Reduction in glycated hemoglobin and weight loss have been shown in insulin-treated patients with…

View original post 398 more words