SINGAPORE

Coordinates: 1.3°N 103.8°E

Republic of Singapore

新加坡共和国 (Chinese)
Republik Singapura  (Malay)
சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு  (Tamil)
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: 
“Majulah Singapura” (Malay)
“Onward, Singapore”
Anthem: Majulah Singapura
Onward, Singapore

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Location of  Singapore  (red)
Location of  Singapore  (red)
Capital Singapore
(Downtown Core, Central)a
1°17′N 103°50′E
Official languages
Official scripts
Demonym Singaporean
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
 – President Tony Tan Keng Yam
 – Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
 – Speaker of Parliament Halimah Yacob
 – Chief Justice Sundaresh Menon
Legislature Parliament
Formation
 – Founding 6 February 1819[1]
 – Self-government 3 June 1959[2]
 – Independence from
the United Kingdom
31 August 1963[3]
 – Merger with Malaysia 16 September 1963[3]
 – Separation from Malaysia 9 August 1965[3]
Area
 – Total 710 km2 (189th)
274 sq mi
 – Water (%) 1.444
Population
 – 2012 census 5,312,400[4]
 – Density 7,315[5]/km2 (3rd)
18,943/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 – Total $327.557 billion[6]
 – Per capita $61,046[6]
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 – Total $270.020 billion[6]
 – Per capita $50,323[6]
Gini (2009) positive decrease 47.8[7]
medium · 29th
HDI (2011) Increase 0.866[8]
very high · 26th
Currency Singapore dollar (SGD)
Time zone SST (UTC+8)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the left
Calling code +65
ISO 3166 code SG
Internet TLD .sg
a. Singapore is a city-state.
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